VEGETATIONAL COMMUNITIES OF THE SMOKY MOUNTAINS

SLIDE TRAY 1

SPRUCE/FIR ZONE

CANOPY/DOMINANTS

1. Spruce-Fir Zone Overview
2. Fraser Fir - Abies fraseri

SUB-CANOPY/SUB -DOMINANTS

3. American Mountain-Ash - Sorbus americana
4. Pin Cherry - Prunus pensylvanica

SHRUB LAYER

5. Hobblebush - Viburnum alnifolium
6. Roundleaf Gooseberry - Ribes rotundifolium
7. Catawba Rhododendron - Rhododendron catawbiense
8. Black Raspberry - Rubus occidentalis
9. Mountain Cranberry - Vaccinium erythrocarpum

HERBACEOUS LAYER

10. Pink Turtlehead - Chelone lyoni
11. Rugles Ragwort - Senecio rugelia
12. Yellow Rocket - Barbarea vulgaris
13. Blue-bead lily - Clintonia borealis
14. Wood Sorrel - Oxalis montana
15. Clingmans Hedgenettle - Stachys clingmanii
16. Club Moss - Hylocomium splendens

BALDS

17. Bald Overview

SUB-CANOPY/SUB -DOMINANTS

18. Downy Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea
19. Catawba Rhododendron - Rhododendron catawbiense
20. Sand Myrtle - Leiophyllum hugeri
21. Minniebush - Menziesia pilosa
22. Moutain Laurel - Kalmia latifolia
23. Kalmia - Kalmia latifolia
24. Flame Azalea - Rhododendron calendulaceum
25. Rusty Blackhaw - Viburnum rufidulum
26. Blueberry - Vaccinium corymbosum
27. Mountain Yarrow - Achillea millefolium
28. Moutain Yarrow - Achillea millefolium
29. St. John's Wort - Hypericum spp.

HERBACEOUS LAYER

30. Dwarf Cinquefoil - Potentilla canadensis
31. Queen Anne's Lace - Daucus carota
32. Hairy Angelica - Angelica venenosa
33. Hairy Angelica - Angelica venenosa

NORTHERN HARDWOOD ASSOCIATION

34. Northern Hardwood Overview

CANOPY/DOMINANT

35. Beech - Fagus grandifolia
36. Buckeye - Aesculus octandra

SUB-CANOPY/SUB-DOMINANT

37. Sugar Maple - Acer saccharum
38. Yellow Birch - Betula lutea
39. Mountain Silverbell - Halesia monticola
40. Striped Maple - Acer pensylvanicum
41. Mountain Maple - Acer spicatum

SHRUB LAYER

42. Hobblebush - Virburnum alnifolium
43. Red-berried Elderberry - Sambucus pubens
44. Red-berried Elderberry - Sambucus pubens

HERBACEOUS LAYER

45. Turk's Cap Lily - Lilium superbum
46. Green-headed Coneflower - Rudbeckia laciniata
47. Trout Lily - Erythronium americanum
48. Purple Bluets - Houstonia purpurea
49. Thyme-leaved Bluets - Houstonia serpyllifolia
50. Umbrella Leaf - Diphylleia cymosa
51. Bluebead Lily - Clintonia borealis
52. Bush Honeysuckle - Diervilla sessilifolia
53. Round-lobed Hepatica - Hepatica americana
54. Bloodroot - Sanguinaria canadensis
55. Wild Ginger - Asarum canadense
56. Rugel's Indian Plantain - Senecio rugelia
57. Michaux's Saxifrage - Saxifraga michauxii
58. Spiderwort - Tradescantia ohiensis
59. Dutchman's Pipe - Aristolochia macrophylla
60. Monkshood - Aconitum unciratum
61. Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginica
62. Canada Mayflower - Maianthemum canadense
63. Indian Cucumber Root - Medeola virginiana

 

To the Main Vegetational Communities of the Smoky Mountains Page

 

http://rpsec.usca.edu/Utilities/Pictures/smoky/tray1.html (July, 2002)