Gods and Pharaohs


Egyptian pharaohs

The Egyptians worshipped many gods. They built many great temples for their gods. Inside the temples were sacred statues. Priests at the temples cared for the statues. They washed them, dressed them, and even served them meals!

One of the most important Egyptian gods was Amon-Re, the sun god. Osiris was the god of the dead and ruler of the underworld. Horus, who was also called the falcon god, was the god of the sky. Isis was the goddess of healing, marriage, and motherhood. The Egyptians believed that their gods and goddesses watched over everything they did.

To see a picture list of Egyptian gods, click here.

Egyptian rulers were called pharaohs. An Egyptian pharaoh often married his sister, who became his queen. Pharaohs had total power over their people. The people believed that their pharaoh controlled the weather, the flooding of the Nile, and the growth of their crops. They believed that their pharaoh was more than a person. They worshipped him as a god.

When an Egyptian pharaoh died, his tomb was placed in a special burial place. Some of the pharaohs were buried in pyramids. Others were buried in a secret place called the Valley of the Kings.

King Tutankhamon was the 12th pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt. He ruled from 1333 to 1323 BC and then he mysteriously died at the age of eighteen. His royal advisor, Ay, held Tut’s funeral in the Valley of the Kings near Thebes, and then he took over the throne. Tutankhamon’s tomb was discovered in 1922 by an archeologist named Howard Carter. Tut’s tomb held more than 5,000 beautiful things, many of which were gold.

To learn more about the mystery of King Tutankhamon, go to Who Killed King Tut?


This website is maintained by Deborah McMurtrie, a second grade teacher at Aiken Preparatory School. Each year the second and third grade students at Aiken Prep research, write, and produce an original play. This year we decided to research ancient Egypt.

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The views expressed on this page are not necessarily those of the University of South Carolina Aiken. (February 2004)