Map of EgyptWhy did such a great civilization begin in Egypt so long ago? The answer is simple: the Nile River. The Nile River is the longest river in the world, and it flows right through the middle of Egypt.

The Nile River gave the Egyptians water for drinking and bathing. They caught fish and birds in the Nile. Boats sailed up and down the Nile River, carrying people and transporting goods. But the Nile’s greatest gift to the people of Egypt wasn’t fish or birds or drinking water or travel. It was… MUD!

Every July, the Nile River flooded its banks and dumped a thick layer of black mud along each side of the river. The black mud made the soil good for growing crops, so there was plenty of food for everyone. The people of Egypt built towns and cities all along the banks of the Nile River.

Click here to see a picture map of ancient Egypt.


This website is maintained by Deborah McMurtrie, a second grade teacher at Aiken Preparatory School. Each year the second and third grade students at Aiken Prep research, write, and produce an original play. This year we decided to research ancient Egypt.


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The views expressed on this page are not necessarily those of the University of South Carolina Aiken. (February 2004)