Lesson One:  Geography of South America

    My name is Jennfier Harrell.  I am a fourth grade teacher at Hammond Hill Elementary School in North Augusta, South Carolina.  Our school has a school wide theme this year, "Writing Around the World".  Each hall has a continent that they are studying and writing about.  My hall is currently studying South America.  I have written three lessons  about South America's geography, different countries, and rain forests.

The first lesson describes the diversity of South America's physical characteristics and location.

    South America is the fourth largest continent in the world.  It is almost twice the size of the United States. North America is located directly north of this continent. The continent is 4,750 miles from North to South and 3,200 miles from the East coast to the West coast.  Its borders are the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Caribbean Seas on the north, and the Antarctic Peninsula on the south side.  South America reaches about 10 degrees North latitude and 55 degrees South latitude.  The continent has the equator, 0 degrees latitude, cutting through the Northern part.  South America lies between 40 degrees West longitude and 80 degrees West longitude.
    South America is divided into three main regions, the Andes to the west, Brazilian and Guiana highlands to the east, and the interior lowland.  The Andes is located along the western coastline which extends from the northern tip to the southern tip.  The highest point is Mt. Aconcagua. This mountain range is active with volcano eruptions and earthquakes.   The Brazilian highlands is considered to be the oldest part of the continent. It extends from Bolivia to Brazil.  These highlands are gently rolling hills  with  many flowing rivers which consumes about twenty five percent of South America.  The Guiana highlands are a mixture of hills, plateaus, and narrow valleys.  It is covered with tropical hardwoods, and small savannas and grasslands.  The highlands can be found in the southern part of Venezuela to northern Brazil.  Located between the Andes and the Brazilian Highlands, is the lowland.  This area contains the famous Amazon river and many tropical rain forests.
    South America's physical characteristics are similar to that of North America.

 Click here to go to some more related sites on South America.
Click here to see a map of South America.
Click here for a Physical Map of South America.
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The views expressed on this page are not necessarily those of the University South Carolina Aiken.
http://rpsec.usca.sc.edu/Classwork/731sp2001/Lesson/Harrell/lesson1sec2.html (January 2001)